Paraffin wax is white or colorless soft or solid material that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles; dyed paraffin wax can be made into crayons.
ProCone's BASURAgas® Universal System converts different materials deriving from biomass, waste, coal and other sources into pure paraffin wax on a low cost basis. This form of conversion requires the materials treatment at the front end of the gasifier and a gas cleaner, gas compressor and Fischer-Tropsch conversion unit at the back end of the gasifier as the basic configuration. This application can be found anywhere were paraffin wax is in demand or suitable feedstock materials are available.
*Other uses of paraffin wax:
Coatings for waxed paper or cloth
Food-grade paraffin wax:
Shiny coating used in candy-making; although edible, it is nondigestible, passing right through the body without being broken down
Coating for many kinds of hard cheese, like Edam cheese
Sealant for jars, cans, and bottles
Chewing gum additive
Anti-caking agent, moisture repellent, and dustbinding coatings for fertilizers
Agent for preparation of specimens for histology
Bullet lubricant – with other ingredients, such as olive oil and beeswax
Phlegmatizing agent, commonly used to stabilize/desensitize high explosives such as RDX
Solid propellant for hybrid rocket motors
Component of surfwax, used for grip on surfboards in surfing
Component of glide wax, used on skis and snowboards
Friction-reducer, for use on handrails and cement ledges, commonly used in skateboarding
Ink. Used as the basis for solid ink different color blocks of wax for thermal printers. The wax is melted and then sprayed on the paper producing images with a shiny surface
Microwax: food additive, a glazing agent with E number E905
Forensic investigations: the nitrate test uses paraffin wax to detect nitrates and nitrites on the hand of a shooting suspect
Antiozonant agents: blends of paraffin and micro waxes are used in rubber compounds to prevent cracking of the rubber; the admixture of wax migrates to the surface of the product and forms a protective layer. The layer can also act as a release agent, helping the product separate from its mould.
Mechanical thermostats and actuators, as an expansion medium for activating such devices
"Potting" guitar pickups, which reduces microphonic feedback caused from the subtle movements of the pole pieces
"Potting" of local oscillator coils to prevent microphonic frequency modulation in low end FM radios.
Textile manufacturing processes, such as that used for Eisengarn thread.
Wax baths for beauty and therapy purposes
Thickening agent in many paintballs
Moisturizer in toiletries and cosmetics such as Vaseline, though potentially comedogenic.
Prevents oxidation on the surface of polished steel and iron
Phase change material for thermal energy storage
MESSENGER (Mercury spacecraft) When the spacecraft was unable to radiate excessive heat.
Manufacture of boiled leather armor and books
Neutron radiation shielding
waterproofing agent for waxed cotton garments and commercially important in the early water proofing of ship sails.