A biofuel (*) is a fuel that is derived from natural sources other than from fossil fuels, such as coal or petroleum.
ProCone's BASURAgas® Universal System converts different materials deriving from biomass, waste, and other sources into different fuels and liquids such as Bio-Diesel, Bio-Jet-Fuel, bio-ethanol, butanol, isobutene, isoprene or others on a low cost basis.
This form of conversion requires the materials treatment at the front end of the gasifier and a gas cleaner, gas compressor and bio-chemical or Fischer-Tropsch conversion unit at the back end of the gasifier as the basic configuration. This application can be found in regions where per example biofuels are in demand and biomass is collected.
*(Biofuels can be derived directly from plants, or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes. Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation, such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis. Other renewable biofuels are made through the use or conversion of biomass (referring to recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials). This biomass can be converted to convenient energy-containing substances in three different ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion. This biomass conversion can result in fuel in solid, liquid, or gas form. This new biomass can also be used directly for biofuels.) *explanation of Wikipedia
"Clean" Diesel / Synthetic Fuels
Synthetic fuels - SynFuel (diesel, gasoline, kerosene, ethanol, butanol, etc.) essentially have a significant advantage over fossil fuels. Since SynFuel is produced purely synthetically, the product has a high, almost perfect degree of purity.
Compared to fossil petroleum, the synthetic fuels produced by a bio-chemical process or Fischer-Tropsch synthesis are generated from the two elementary raw materials, namely carbon and hydrogen. In the conversion, pollutants and foreign substances such as sulfur, chlorine, fluorine, nitrogen, metals and minerals are not contained in the starting material and therefore are not involved in the conversion processes. From these substances, therefore, no unwanted or undesirable molecules or even toxic compounds can arise from the usage of such SynFuels.
Through the complete physical and chemical control of all process parameters such as temperature, pressure and catalyst or bacterial strain used, the desired end products are produced as pure carbon-hydrogen compounds in the simplest chain bonds (so-called paraffin) of various lengths. There are no complex or polycyclic compounds (aromatics), e.g. phenols or benzenes found in the SynFuels. This products are not carcinogenic, are biodegradable and therefore have no health risk to humans and the environment.
Engines and turbines powered by such SynFuels have the following basic advantages, regardless of their design and age:
No emission of sulfur oxides
Slightest emissions of nitrogen oxides
scarcely emission of fine dust
No carcinogenic vapors
The fuels can be stored for any length of time and easily transported.
Another significant advantage of systems of this design is the lack of smoke and exhaust gases. Since the products produced do not simply consist of fire and heat (as per example in an incineration facility), but are in liquid form. Thermal combustion processes are almost completely eliminated. Therefore, there are also no unwanted exhaust gases and air emissions at the site of the plants.
The synthesis gas (SynGas) produced by our gasification technology is fed to a bio-chemical conversion that produces ethanol. The energy contained in the SynGas is almost completely converted, and stored in a liquid energy carrier. Ethanol (EtOH) as an energy carrier and is easy to store and transport. EtOH in a pure, refined form is an important raw material in the chemical industry and is used mainly in the production of:
ETBE (additive to gasoline vehicle octane booster instead of lead)
As a Blender for petrol and diesel fuels
In addition to the pure material application of ethanol an active use is generally possible. This usage will become increasingly important in the future and is already taking place today e.g. in the USA and Europe for the following:
EtOH can be burned directly with today’s oil burners
EtOH can be mixed up to 15% with today’s lead-free petrol, without any modifications on vehicle engines
EtOH can be used directly in converted engines to 100%
EtOH may also be used directly as a fuel for gas turbines and gas engines